Maltose ("maltum" in Latin means "malt") is a natural disaccharide built by two residues of D - glucose, interconnected. Another name for the substance is “malt sugar”. The term was assigned by the French chemist Nicole Theodore de Saussure at the beginning of the XIX century. The main role of the compound is to supply the human body with energy.
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Disaccharides (disaccharides, oligosaccharides) are a group of carbohydrates, the molecules of which consist of two simple sugars, combined into one molecule by a glycosidic bond of different configurations. The generalized disaccharide formula can be represented as C 12 H 22 O 11. Depending on the structure of the molecules and their chemical properties, there are distinguishing reducing (glycoso-glycosides) and non-reducing disaccharides (glycosido-glycosides).
Sodium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate, baking soda are the names of the same chemical compound, known to everyone as "baking soda". It is a good baking powder for the test. Soda solution can relieve toothache. But this is not the whole spectrum of application of this “miracle” substance.
Fatty foods of animal origin have sharply begun to taboo in the last decade. The reasons for this are: the craze for veganism, research by scientists on increasing the risk of cancer, and the increasing incidence of childhood / adult obesity. It seems to the average citizen that the only explanation for his troubles lies in fat.
The most deep-rooted myth of nutrition is that fat is harmful. Every second "dietary guru" builds on this their own nutrition programs, which are very well sold in the market. But times are changing, and not every pseudo business can withstand the competition and influence of science. Humanity is at the stage of debunking myths, especially in the food industry.
The realization that, along with the usual green apple, many vitamins, minerals, amino acids (and germs, by the way, also) enter our body came to humanity after centuries of ignorance. Today, science is one of the most invested industries in the world. We learned how to synthesize biologically active components, manage our own eating habits and squeeze the most out of food.
According to recent research by scientists at Harvard University, Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency is one of the ten leading causes of adult mortality on the planet. The main source of omega-3s is fish oil. General Description Fish oil is a form of fatty acid derived from fatty fish tissue.
If you look closely at the list of nutrients, then in many products you can see an ingredient such as ash. However, this does not mean at all that something “like” soot from the fireplace “got lost” in the food. The concept of “ash” has a broader meaning, especially when it comes to food. What is food ash. Ash is all inorganic components found in food.
Superfood - this is what they sometimes say about gelatin. And only if you do not know about its useful properties, you can doubt the correctness of such a characteristic. In fact, this, at first glance, nondescript product is responsible for the health of the skin, nails, hair, protects joints from inflammation, tones the body, activates digestion and muscle growth, strengthens blood vessels and cell membranes.
Arroroot (from English arrow - arrow and root - root) is the name of starch flour obtained from fruits, tubers, rhizomes of tropical plants. Used in cooking as a thickener. The West Indian arrowroot is obtained from the roots of the reed arrowroot growing in tropical countries, Brazil, Africa, and India.
Synbiotics are bacterial preparations of complex action, which include probiotics and prebiotics, which have a mutually reinforcing effect on the human body. More than 90% of adults worldwide experience gastrointestinal microflora disorders. Dysbacteriosis occurs as a result of prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, hormonal medications, antibiotics, stool regulators, malnutrition, stress, radiation, chemotherapy.
Prebiotics are compounds of non-microbial origin that stimulate the growth and reproduction of beneficial microflora in the body. These substances are not digested in the digestive tract, but are fermented by beneficial microorganisms of the large intestine. Consider in more detail what prebiotics are, their mechanism of action and types.
Pectins, or pectin polysaccharides, are a group of water-soluble carbohydrates that are found in the cell membranes and intercellular tissues of some plants. What is pectin Pectin is a natural substance found in berries and fruits. Especially a lot in apples. In fruits, pectin helps maintain cell walls joined together.
Probiotic (translated from Greek means "created for life") - a class of microorganisms that normalize the intestinal microflora, strengthen the human immunity. The main part of microcultures is bacteria, but yeast also occurs. Interestingly, a healthy person has a trillion beneficial (85%) and one hundred and fifty billion pathogens (15%) of microorganisms.
Mushrooms are a real super product. They have B vitamins, potassium, copper, zinc, selenium, as well as many other nutritional components. But what is especially interesting in the composition of mushrooms is their unique texture, which has no analogues among other representatives of nature. And the substance “chitin” is responsible for the “fleshy” structure of mushrooms.
Beta-sitosterol is a plant sterol found in almost all plants. It is the main subcomponent of the group of phytosterols (plant sterols). What it is? Natural beta-sitosterol is a white waxy substance, and its chemical structure is very similar to cholesterol. Not soluble in water, has a characteristic odor.
Omega-9 acids are a group of monounsaturated triglycerides that enter the structure of every cell in the human body. These fats are involved in the construction of myelin neurons, regulate the exchange of essential compounds, activate the synthesis of hormones, neurotransmitters and vitamin-like substances. The main sources of monounsaturated fats are olive, almond and peanut oils, fish oil, nuts, seeds.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been part of the human diet since ancient times. With the discovery of the health benefits of fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid, humanity has taken a fresh look at foods rich in these beneficial ingredients. But by the way, how many of us know about the existence of a substance with a difficult name eicosapentaenoic acid?
Omega-6 is a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids that stabilizes metabolic processes in the body. These compounds maintain the integrity of cell membranes, potentiate the synthesis of hormone-like substances, reduce psycho-emotional stress, and improve the functional state of the dermis. Let us consider in more detail what omega-6 acids are, their functions and food sources.
Omega-3 is a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that protect cell membranes and internal organs from destruction. Without these compounds, the full functioning of the nervous, immune and cardiovascular systems, adequate synthesis of tissue hormones, prostaglandins, and the correct metabolism of essential substances are impossible.
Have you ever heard of fructooligosaccharides? Not? And you can’t even imagine what it is? Then everything that is written below is for you. Prebiotics: why you need In recent years, yoghurts and kefir have become very popular products among buyers. And not least because of the recognition by the medical community of the benefits of the probiotics found in these products.